Hematology is an independent branch of medical science with blood and hematopoietic tissue as the main research object. ELISA detection method has been widely used in the field of hematology research for decades. The application of ELISA in hematology is based on primary hematological diseases derived from blood and hematopoietic tissues and secondary hematological diseases caused by non-hematological diseases as the main research objects, and various blood diseases are detected by detecting molecular markers ( such as leukemia, aplastic anemia, hemophilia, deep vein thrombosis, etc.) and other various diseases (such as liver disease, kidney disease, coronary heart disease, diabetes, cerebrovascular disease, respiratory disease, infectious disease, obstetric disease, malignant Tumors, genetic diseases, etc.).
As an immunoassay, ELISA has the following advantages
Activated protein C (APC) is a double-chain glycoprotein composed of a light chain composed of 155 amino acid residues and a heavy chain composed of 250 amino acid residues connected by a disulfide chain which has the functions of anticoagulation, anti-inflammatory, promoting fibrinolysis, anti-apoptosis and protecting endothelial cells, blood vessels and organ functions, and is related to many human diseases. When FV Leiden is mutated, it can cause activated protein C resistance (APCR), leading to thrombus formation.
Thrombospondin 2 (TSP-2), a member of the THBS family, is an early diagnosis marker for cancer. Measuring the content of TSP-2 in the blood is expected to provide a new method for tumor diagnosis and treatment. It is expressed in a variety of tumor cells and is of great significance in tumor development and metastasis. TSP-2 fights angiogenesis (including tumor angiogenesis). As a stromal cell protein, TSP-2 also regulates the interaction between cells and the cell environment, regulates cell adhesion.
Antithrombin (AT) is the main plasma glycoprotein of the serine protease inhibitor superfamily. It is a glycoprotein composed of 432 amino acids produced by the liver, which can inactivate several enzymes in the coagulation system. And can adjust the procoagulant protease proteolytic activity of endogenous and exogenous pathways. In addition to its basic anticoagulant function, AT also has anti-inflammatory, pro-apoptotic and anti-angiogenic activities.
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